Americans Still Prefer a Male Boss to a Female Boss mens stil kigger

Americans Still Prefer a Male Boss to a Female Boss

by Rebecca Riffkin

Women are more likely than men to prefer a female boss

This article is featured in "Women and the Workplace," a weeklong series exploring a variety of issues affecting modern working women.

WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Americans are still more likely to say they would prefer a male boss (33%) to a female boss (20%) in a new job, although 46% say it doesn't make a difference to them. While women are more likely than men to say they would prefer a female boss, they are still more likely to say they would prefer a male boss overall.

These results are based on Gallup's annual work and education poll, conducted Aug. 7-10. In 1953, Gallup first asked Americans, "If you were taking a new job and had your choice of a boss, would you prefer to work for a man or a woman?" At that time, 66% of Americans said they preferred a male boss. Five percent said they preferred a female boss, and 25% volunteered that it made no difference.

Women More Likely Than Men to Prefer a Female Boss

In an age when women are told to "lean in" to get positions of power at work, even women are more likely to prefer a male boss to a female boss. However, women have historically been more likely than men to prefer a female boss, although support for preferring a female boss has grown among both groups over time. In 2014, 25% of women say they would prefer a female boss, compared with 14% of men.

The percentage of women who would prefer a female boss has never surpassed 30%. Currently, both genders would prefer a male boss, with 26% of men and 39% of women saying they would prefer a male boss if they were to take a new job. Men are more likely than women to say they have no preference -- 58% mention this response, compared with 34% of women.

The survey indicates that 51% of working Americans currently have a male boss and 33% have a female boss. Those who have a female boss are more likely than those with a male boss to say they would prefer a female boss if they got a new job (27% vs. 15%, respectively).

As Gallup has previously noted, younger Americans are slightly more likely than older Americans to prefer a female boss; however, preference for a male boss is consistent between the two groups. Republicans are more likely to prefer a male boss (42%) to a female boss (16%), while Democrats break even between the two -- 29% prefer male, while 25% prefer female.

Bottom Line

In June, Fortune reported that the number of female CEOs of Fortune 500 companies had reached a historic high, yet only 4.8% of this elite group are women. And while bestselling books like Lean In by Sheryl Sandberg push women to achieve their goals and focus on their careers, Americans' views about wanting female bosses haven't changed since Gallup began asking about them regularly in the 1980s. More Americans continue to prefer a male boss to a female boss -- although, since 2002, the greatest percentage continue to say it does not make a difference to them. While the percentage who prefer a female boss has grown over the last 60 years, it has never passed 25%.

Women, however, are more likely than men to prefer a female boss, even if more women overall still prefer a male boss. Furthermore, workers who currently have a female boss are more likely than those who have a male boss to prefer a female boss in the future. This could mean that as more women enter management, preference for female bosses could continue to rise.

Survey Methods

Results for this Gallup poll are based on telephone interviews conducted Aug. 7-10, 2014, with a random sample of 1,032 adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia.

For results based on the total sample of national adults, the margin of sampling error is ±4 percentage points at the 95% confidence level.

Interviews are conducted with respondents on landline telephones and cellular phones, with interviews conducted in Spanish for respondents who are primarily Spanish-speaking. Each sample of national adults includes a minimum quota of 50% cellphone respondents and 50% landline respondents, with additional minimum quotas by time zone within region. Landline and cellular telephone numbers are selected using random-digit-dial methods. Landline respondents are chosen at random within each household on the basis of which member had the most recent birthday.

Samples are weighted to correct for unequal selection probability, nonresponse, and double coverage of landline and cell users in the two sampling frames. They are also weighted to match the national demographics of gender, age, race, Hispanic ethnicity, education, region, population density, and phone status (cellphone only/landline only/both, and cellphone mostly). Demographic weighting targets are based on the most recent Current Population Survey figures for the aged 18 and older U.S. population. Phone status targets are based on the most recent National Health Interview Survey. Population density targets are based on the most recent U.S. census. All reported margins of sampling error include the computed design effects for weighting.

In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of public opinion polls.

View survey methodology, complete question responses, and trends.

For more details on Gallup's polling methodology, visit

Gallup World Headquarters, 901 F Street, Washington, D.C., 20001, U.S.A
+1 202.715.3030

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"kigger" in English

kig {et}
  • view

DA kig

kig (also: anskuelse, betragtning, panorama, syn)
view {noun}
more_vert Lighed defineres på forskellig vis alt efter, hvilke briller man kigger igennem.
expand_more Equality is defined differently depending on the point of view from which you view the world.
more_vert Dog har ordføreren mest kigget på sagen ud fra de store havnes synsvinkel.
The rapporteur, however, has viewed the matter mainly from the angle of large ports.

Context sentences for "kigger" in English

These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate. is not responsible for their content. Read more here.

DanishOgså på de andre kontinenter kigger man på os, selv når det ikke ser sådan ud.
more_vert Even the other continents look to us, although this may not always be apparent.
DanishMen uanset hvordan man kigger på det, er forfatningen i høj grad bragt i miskredit.
more_vert Yet the Constitution, however you look at it, is to a large extent discredited.
DanishJeg er meget lille, men jeg ville sætte pris på, at De indimellem kigger denne vej!
more_vert I am very short but would appreciate it if you would look over here occasionally!
DanishDet er et kontinent, som kristne fra andre kontinenter kigger håbefuldt hen imod.
more_vert It is a continent to which Christians from other continents look with hope.
DanishHvis den sorte befolkning dræber hinanden, kigger vi væk og lader dem fortsætte.
more_vert If black people kill other black people, we avert our eyes and let them get on with it.
DanishNu er der tale om en fond, og vores gruppe beder om, at vi kigger grundigere på dette.
more_vert What we are and what we do is underpinned by human rights and human dignity.
DanishOg kigger jeg tilbage, er der selvfølgelig sket meget, selvom det ikke er nok.
more_vert Looking back, a lot has of course happened, even if it is not enough.
DanishNår vi kigger på Rådets møde og resultaterne af det, har der været nogle succeser.
more_vert When we look at the Council meeting and the results from it, there have been some successes.
DanishHvis man kigger på forskningsbudgettet, konstaterer man, at der reelt er en tilbagegang.
more_vert If you look at the science budget, you will see a reduction in real terms.
DanishHvis De kigger på dokumentet, ser De en fremhævelse af teksten dette sted.
more_vert If you look at the document, you will see that a break occurs in the text at that point.
DanishJeg håber, at De, når De kigger tilbage, erkender, at det er fuldstændig uacceptabelt.
more_vert I hope, in retrospect, you now realise that is completely unacceptable.
DanishVi - de folk, som kigger på Dem - er EU ' s valgte repræsentanter.
more_vert We - the people looking at you - are the European Union's elected representatives.
DanishSom jurist og Europa-lovgiver kigger jeg ofte i EU-traktaterne.
more_vert As a lawyer specialising in European law I do still often consult the EU Treaties.
DanishNår vi så kigger på den næste enkeltsag, så har den speciel interesse for mig som dansker.
more_vert When we turn to the next separate matter, this is of particular interest to me as a Dane.
DanishMan får aldrig sået når man kigger efter Vinden og aldrig høstet når man ser efter Skyerne.
more_vert He that observeth the wind shall not sow; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap.
DanishHvis De kigger på teksten i min betænkning, vil De kunne fastslå, at det ikke just skorter på kritik.
more_vert You will see, on reading it, that it is not exactly sparing with its criticisms.
DanishJeg vil også gerne have, at Parlamentets Præsidium kigger på sagen, for Deres adfærd var uacceptabel.
more_vert I also want the Bureau to consider it, because your behaviour was unacceptable.
DanishDet er ret vigtigt, når vi kigger os omkring i verden, at vi har adgang til ressourcer.
more_vert This is quite important, when we look around the world, that we have the availability of resources.
DanishDet var ikke nogle nemme år, når man kigger på startfasen, hvor vi havde forhandlinger og Agenda 2000.
more_vert The draft budget plan totally fails to respond to these realities, however.
DanishDerfor kigger vi af og til meget kritisk på Belarus og ser efter, hvad der rent faktisk foregår der.
more_vert This is why we sometimes look very critically at Belarus and at what is happening there.

Other dictionary words

  • kick
  • kickstarte
  • kid
  • kidnapning
  • kidnappe
  • kig
  • kigge
  • kigge igennem
  • kigge indad
  • kigge indenfor
  • kigger
  • kikke
  • kikkert
  • kikkertoperation
  • kiks
  • kikært
  • kilde
  • kildekode
  • kildekritik
  • kilden
  • kilder

Translations into more languages in the English-Finnish dictionary.

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